Xiaomi unveils new strategy stressing AI, IoT and smartphones

The Chinese device maker Xiaomi has announced its new strategy will be built around two core areas: smartphone and AI+IoT.

At the company’s annual party, Lei Jun, Xiaomi’s founder and CEO, pledged an investment of CNY 10 billion ($1.5 billion) over the next five years, in a strategy it calls AIoT (meaning both “AI+IoT” and “All in IoT”). The objective is to develop this part of the business into a second core of the company’s strategy, to dovetail with its current core business: smartphones.

Xiaomi is no stranger to artificial intelligence. AI has been in the centre of Xiaomi’s marketing messages for its photo technologies on the new smartphones and the smart speakers. Nor has it been a novice in IoT. In fact, Xiaomi claims to be the world’s largest IoT company, “connecting more than 132 million smart devices (excluding mobile phones and laptops), including more than 20 million daily active devices as of September 30 (2018).” This mainly comes in its smart home category including products ranging from smart suitcases to smart scooters and everything in between.

Smartphone, on the other hand, has always been the linchpin in Xiaomi’s ecosystem. After its fast growth in China and the rapid market share gain in emerging markets like India, Xiaomi recently expanded into Europe, including choosing to debut its latest flagship smartphone in London. Additionally, Xiaomi sees in Latin America new growth opportunites. It is also one of the smartphone OEMs to endorse Qualcomm’s 5G chipset. However, as Lei recognised, “Before the proliferation of 5G technology, Xiaomi’s success in smartphone business segment lies in striving to consolidate its leading position in the smartphone markets across the world.”

As a means to continue strengthening its smartphone positions, Xiaomi also announced a dual-brand strategy. Its flagship and other high-end products will continue to come under the “Mi” brand, while the mid-range value-for-money products will carry the “Redmi” brand. Here Xiaomi may have taken a page from Huawei’s brand strategy, which has used “Honor” to address the mid-range segment while its flagship products have been branded “Huawei” and come in Mate or Pro series.

Going under the hood of Qualcomm Snapdragon 855: plenty to like

More details of Qualcomm’s first 5G chipset have been released, bringing all-round improvements, and a 5G chipset for PCs was also announced.

On the first day of its annual Snapdragon Technology Summit, Qualcomm announced its 5G chipset for mobile devices, the Snapdragon 855, but released limited specs. On the following two days more details were disclosed. An SoC for 5G-connected PCs, the Snapdragon 8cx was also unveiled.

In addition to the X50 modem for 5G connectivity (on both mmWave and sub-6GHz frequencies) and X24 modem (to provide LTE connectivity), at the centre of the Snapdragon 855 is ARM’s new flagship Cortex A76 CPU, marketed by Qualcomm as Kryo 485. It contains 8 cores with the single core top performance at 2.84 GHz. Qualcomm claims the 855 is 45% faster than its predecessor 845, though it did not specify what exactly this refers to. More importantly for Qualcomm, the top speed is 9% faster than the Kirin 980 from HiSilicon (a Huawei subsidiary), another 7-nanometre implementation of the ARM Cortex A76.

Also included in the 855 is the new Adreno 640 GPU rendering graphics. Qualcomm has focused 855’s marketing messages on gaming performance, and the GPU is at the core to deliver it. Qualcomm claims the new GPU will enable true HDR gaming, as well as support the HDR10+ and Dolby Vision formats. Together with the display IP, the Adreno 640 GPU will support 120fps gaming as well as smooth 8K 360-degree video playback. Another feature highlighted is the support for Physically Based Rendering in graphics, which will help improve VR and AR experience, including more accurate lighting physics and material interactions, for example more life-like surface texture, or material-on-material audio interaction.

The key new feature on Snapdragon’s Hexagon 690 DSP is that it now includes a dedicated Machine Learning (ML) inferencing engine in the new “tensor accelerator”. The Hexagon 690 also doubles the number of HVX vector pipelines over its predecessors the Hexagon 680 and 685, to include four 1024b vector pipelines. The doubled computing power and the dedicated ML engine combined are expected to improve the Snapdragon 855’s AI capability by a big margin.

The integrated new Spectra 380 image signalling processor (ISP) will both improve the Snapdragon’s capability to deepen acceleration and to save power consumption when processing images. Qualcomm believes the new ISP will only consume a quarter of the power as its predecessor for image object classification, object segmentation, depth sensing (at 60 FPS), augmented reality body tracking, and image stabilisation.

On the OEM collaboration side, in addition to Samsung, on day 2 of the event we also saw Pete Lau, the CEO of Chinese smartphone maker OnePlus come to the stage to endorse the new 5G chipset and vow to be the “first to feature” the Snapdragon 855. Separately, the British mobile operator EE announced that it will range a OnePlus 5G smartphone in the first half of 2019.

On the same day, thousands of miles away, more Chinese smartphone OEMs including Xiaomi, OPPO, Vivo, and ZTE (in addition to OnePlus) also embraced the new Snapdragon chipset at the China Mobile Global Partner Conference in Guangzhou, southern China. China Mobile will also launch a customer premise equipment (CPE), likely a fixed wireless access modem, using the same platform.

Back in Hawaii, on day 3 of the Snapdragon Tech Summit, Qualcomm launched a new chipset for PC: the Snapdragon 8cx (“c” for computer, “x” for eXtreme). This is Qualcomm’s third iteration of chipset for PC, built on ARM v8.1 (a variant of Cortex A76). Similar to the Snapdragon 855, the 8cx also has the X24 integrated cellular modem with for LTE connectivity, and the X50 modem with 5G connectivity can be paired with it. The CPU also has eight cores, with a top speed of 2.75 GHz. The new Adreno 680 GPU is said to process graphics twice as fast as the GPU in the previous generation ARM for Windows chipset (Snapdragon 850) but 60% more efficient in power consumption.

Perhaps the most meaningful change is its memory architecture. The Snapdragon 8cx will have a 128-bit wide interface, enabling it to provide native support for much more software and applications, including Windows 10 Enterprise and Office 365, which clearly is a sales pitch to the corporate IT departments.

Unlike the OEM support garnered by Snapdragon 855, there was no public endorsement by PC makers yet. Lenovo did come to the stage but was only talking about its Yoga 2-in-1 notebooks that have used earlier generations of Snapdragon chipsets for Windows on ARM. On the other hand, Qualcomm does not position Snapdragon 8cx as a replacement for the 850 but rather as a higher end contemporary, with 850 mainly targeted at a niche consumer market.

In general, this year’s Snapdragon Tech Summit has delivered more step change with the new product launches. More concrete industry support was also on show, indicating that, depending on how fast and extensive 5G is to be rolled out, we may start seeing true 5G smartphones in the first half of next year. We may need to wait a bit longer before a reasonable line-up of always-on 5G connected PCs can hit the market.

Xiaomi apologises for misleading UK consumers

Chinese smartphone vendor Xiaomi says an apparent £1 smartphone offer was meant as a raffle, blaming marketing message lost in translation.

At its launch event in London, Xiaomi announced that for a limited period, users would be able to buy Mi A2 and Mi 8 Lite,  both launched earlier this year, for only £1 from its web-shop. When the time came however, social media was flooded by complaints from frustrated hopefuls who have failed to scoop the jackpot.

Some users decided to take the matter into their own hands. Phil Williams from Stockport managed to dig out the browser script as well as checked the online shopping platform’s developer page, and shared his findings on Twitter.

It turned out that the script was written in the way that as soon as a user clicked “Buy Now”, the browser would return an “out of stock” message, without going through the loop to check the inventory status.

Tweet on Xiaomi stunt 1

Tweet on Xiaomi stunt 2

Tweet on Xiaomi stunt 3

Xiaomi’s official response came in three days later, claiming that it was a lost-in-translation blunder. The so-called “flash sale” in essence was a raffle draw, and only ten smartphones (five pieces of each model) were made available for the lucky ones across three days. Xiaomi explained that “Of the thousands who clicked ‘buy’ simultaneously, our system will randomly select the winners”. However on the Terms & Conditions page linked to the promotion, it was spelled out clearly under “£1 Flash Sale” that “Products available under this sale are limited in quantity and are given away on first-come, first-serve basis.”. Xiaomi has not responded to Telecoms.com’s request for clarification of the contradiction.

There are potentially two issues surrounding this case. At the launch event we never heard any mention of lucky draw type of “flash sale”. Rather the message given was very similar to a “Black Friday”-type of “deal”. The misleading promotion message could fall foul of the Advertising Standards Agency. A more serious issue relates to GDPR. All those entering the raffle needed to log in with their Mi account. This would mean that Xiaomi should not keep their data more than the raffle period if the accounts were created specifically for this purpose. It would be interesting to see if this rule is being followed.

Xiaomi the difference: Chinese smart device maker vows to disrupt UK market

Xiaomi launched Mi 8 Pro, the first time it has unveiled new products outside of Greater China, a sign of its ambition to expand in more mature markets.

At a Hollywoodian event (as almost all smartphone launches are nowadays) in Barbican Centre on Thursday, Xiaomi became the latest Chinese smartphone maker to introduce their latest products in London, following recent launches by Huawei and OnePlus. The company unveiled Mi 8 Pro, an upgrade version of its Mi 8 model launched earlier in China.

After registering impressive growth in India and other markets in Asia, as well as consolidating its position in China, Xiaomi, like some other Chinese brands, is eyeing the mature markets for new growth. Western Europe is an attractive option as the market is not flooded with hundreds of smartphone brands as in India and China, and there is a sizeable open market that is easier for new brands to set a foot in instead of having to crack the carrier market as in the US.

“Today we witness a new chapter in Xiaomi’s global expansion journey, underpinned by our global ambitions. We are thrilled to make great strides by announcing our arrival in the UK,” said Wang Xiang, Senior Vice President of Xiaomi Corporation.” By bringing a range of our amazing products at honest pricing we want to offer more choices and let everyone in the UK enjoy a connected simple life through our innovative technology.”

The newly launched Mi 8Pro and its predecessor share exactly the same hardware and software, powered by Qualcomm’s Snapdragon 845 CPU, 6.21” AMOLED display (yes, need to go to the second decimal digit), 8GB RAM and 128GB onboard memory,12MP+12MP AI dual camera on the back, and 20MP selfie camera, Dual 4G SIM, Dual frequency GPS (to minimise coverage dead zones, like near tall buildings), infra-red facial recognition (to unlock with facial ID in the dark).

On the software side, Xiaomi overlayed a light MIUI skin on top of the latest Android release, plus a couple of its own preloaded apps (browser, messaging, etc.). Presumably the main point is not how many people will use its apps but rather to gather usage data. The Xiaomi executives did stress the number of active MIUI users in the world and in Europe (its products are already being sold in Spain, Italy, and France). It has also preloaded a MS Office suite, one of the first offers Microsoft made to the Android ecosystem back in 2016.

Under the spotlight was its photography technologies including the so-called “4-in-1” super-pixel, that is combining 4 pixels into 1 to take in more light, therefore to capture more details even in low light environment. Also being boasted is the speed the phone focuses (using the so-called Double Pixel Auto Focus, DPAF, technology, demonstrated in a video as faster than both the iPhone XS and the Samsung S9+). Nowadays, no presentation of smartphone cameras is complete without talking AI, and Xiaomi is no exception. The main talking point here was on the analytics capability to separate foreground from background, making post-shot processing easier.

The only genuine upgrade the Mi 8 Pro offers over the Mi 8 looks to be the fingerprint reader. It is at the back of the phone on the Mi 8, but is upgraded to on-screen reader on the Mi 8 Pro.

All the bells and whistles aside, what Xiaomi most wanted is to stand out in two areas: design and price. It is clearly successful in one, maybe less so in the other. Xiaomi claimed to go down the minimalist route for its design, claiming that it was inspired by the exhibits at the Helsinki Design Museum. It even got the director of the museum to go on video to endorse an earlier product. But what it got to show its innovative design on the new product is a transparent back-cover where the upper part of the inside of the phone is visible. But to those of us old enough to remember the 1990s, this is more a retro than inno. Swatch’s Skeleton series, anyone?

Xiaomi Mi 8 Pro_Front resized Xiaomi Mi 8 Pro_back resized

But when it comes to pricing the strategy is much bolder and more likely to succeed. Xiaomi broke through in the device market in China in 2011 by offering smartphones with decent specs at a very affordable price. This strategy has carried them through ups and downs all the way to London. The Mi 8 Pro will be retailed at £499.99. This is vastly lower than other smartphones with comparable hardware specs. Xiaomi is clearly targeted at the so-called “affordable premium” segment.

On the distribution side, Xiaomi started in China exclusively using online distribution channels. There have been followers with mixed success, but at the same Xiaomi is also diversifying to brick-and-mortar retail outlets in markets like India, Malaysia. Xiaomi also aims at a mixed channel strategy in the UK, it opens its own online shopping channel, getting online and offline channel partners (Amazon, Currys, Carphone Warehouse, Argo, John Lewis, etc.) on board, as well as opening its own authorised retailer in southwest London on 18 November. It also tied a partnership with 3UK, though Xiaomi executives would not tell more details of the terms or the packages 3 plans to offer.

Also introduced to the UK market at the event are a smart wristband (Mi Band 3, main feature being its display larger than previous generations) and an electric scooter, to deliver the “ecosystem” story—the executive stressed Xiaomi is more than a smartphone company. On display in the experience area were also smart speakers, set-top boxes, smart kettle, and smart scale.

Our overall feeling is that, the Mi 8 Pro smartphone is decent but not fantastic. However the price point Xiaomi sets it on is disruptive. This strategy has worked for the company in China and other Asian and European market, taking them to commendable market positions and financial success. It may stand a chance.

Xiaomi event pic2

How will Xiaomi’s launch into Europe impact the smartphone market?

Telecoms.com periodically invites third parties to share their views on the industry’s most pressing issues. In this piece Steve Pappas, VP, Asset Value Recovery Services at HYLA Mobile, examines the likely effect of Xiaomi entering the European smartphone market.

The European smartphone ecosystem has welcomed a new player, Xiaomi, who has made an aggressive play for the market. The Chinese smartphone manufacturer has already gained a good portion of market share too thanks to its portfolio of cheaper devices, which seem to be appealing to price-conscious European consumers. The company’s Senior Vice President, Wang Xiang, has even stated that the operator’s differentiator is its “premium product” without the “premium price”.

Traditionally, consumers have invested in the latest and greatest smartphones as soon as they hit the market. Large players such as Apple and Samsung have brought new models and technologies to the industry each year, and we have seen national newspapers cover the queue of fans waiting outside brick and mortar stores to get their hands on these latest devices.

But today, consumers are holding onto their devices for longer, and in fact, are waiting 2.8 years before considering an upgrade. This trend can be attributed to the rise in device prices over recent years, along with a perceived lack of innovation from consumers.

So, with this in mind, and with Xiaomi now entering the European smartphone market with a more affordable alternative, what will this mean for the industry, its players, and their customers?

A new era for the mobile device market  

Mobile analysts have described Xiaomi’s devices as “looking like an iPhone, performing like an iPhone, but half the price of an iPhone”. In fact, its flagship Mi 8 model released in May has been described as brazenly copying the iPhone X, with similar features such as facial unlock and iOS-like Animojis. And at a much lower price point of £350, Xiaomi will be hoping to draw favourable attention from Apple fans unwilling to pay the £999 price tag of the iPhone X.

According to CCS, more consumers are searching for alternative means to secure a smartphone. More than half are on SIM-only contracts, which have been found to be better value, compared to purchasing a device and SIM separately. CCS’s research also revealed a growing interest from consumers in second-hand and refurbished devices.

For the cost-conscious consumer, it can be difficult to turn a blind eye to a device that can offer close to everything Apple can, without the hefty price tag. It’s entirely possible that we could see some Europeans seduced by the cheaper alternatives offered by Xiaomi, and move themselves away from their decade-long relationship with the likes of Apple.

But is Xiaomi ready to take on the likes of Apple?

Xiaomi appears to be a strong contender, having a 10.57% market share in Asia— not far behind Apple, who has a 13.14% market share. Now with its eyes set on the West, Xiaomi’s market share has grown by over 999% in the first quarter of 2018, as recorded by analyst firm, Canalys.

While Xiaomi is still in the early days of its European expansion, having only recently announced its expansion into Britain in May, is now the time for Apple and other manufacturers to reconsider their current marketing plans? We have recently seen Apple announce a “less-expensive” iPhone in September, the iPhone XR, as well as an even more expensive device the XS MAX. The lower cost device has been priced at £700—but this is still a considerable amount more than a Xiaomi device, which is priced anywhere between £300-£500, depending on the storage size.

But there is method behind Apple’s madness. With the launch of Apple’s latest devices, the manufacturer is able to target a slightly broader audience. First and foremost, with a more affordable device, Apple could tempt the cost-conscious consumer to upgrade to a newer device at a more reasonable cost, that could be made even less-expensive by trading-in an older device.

Secondly, consumers know that Apple is a premium brand; no matter the price, some customers will always be willing to pay the cost for the latest device. And that’s what it comes down to. People are invested in the Apple brand, and there will be some that always will be. What it boils down to is whether consumers are ready to try an unfamiliar brand, even if they know its capabilities and price?

There’s no doubt that consumers are searching for lower cost alternatives to secure the latest mobile device, whether that be through purchasing the device and SIM separately, purchasing a pre-owned device, or using their old device to offset the cost of a new one. The cost-conscious consumer is happy to hold onto their device for longer, and shop around for the best deal on the market in order to make the rising cost of owning a smartphone more affordable. And while Xiaomi’s entry into Europe has the potential to disrupt the status quo of the market, we won’t see dominant players, such as Apple, be overtaken just yet.

International markets pay off for Xiaomi

Xiaomi has released its quarterly figures with breakthroughs in the Indian and Indonesian markets paying off for the budget smartphone manufacturer.

Over the last three months, Xiaomi reported total revenues of roughly $6.6 billion, a year-on-year increase of 63%, while profit stood at $826 million, a rise of 46%. Comparisons for the first six months accounted for an even healthier boost to the coffers, with total revenues up 75% and profits boosted by 57%.

Looking at the individual business units, smartphones accounted for the lion’s share of cash. The second quarter brought in roughly $4.5 billion, a year-on-year rise of 58%, with the team pointing to both an increase in volume of shipments and average selling price. Sales volume for the quarter reached 32 million units, up 43% compared to Q2 2017, with IDC estimating the brand was the fastest growing of the major global brands.

Over the last couple of weeks, Xiaomi has been claiming headlines with victories in the developing markets. Firstly, usurping Samsung for top spot in India was somewhat of a coup, but capturing 22% of the shipments across the second quarter in Indonesia (compared to 2% in 2017) perhaps indicates Xiaomi is going to be a genuine contender on the global scene. Progress can also be seen in Western Europe with launches in France and Italy, and the team claiming shipments across the continent grew 2700% compared to the same period in 2017. Overall, the international markets accounted for 36% of total revenues.

While Xiaomi is attempting to build foundations in the budget markets internationally, in China the premium smartphone market is the big target. In mainland China, average selling price of devices increased over 25% year-on-year in the second quarter of 2018, led by the Mi 8 launch, which sold over 1.1 million units in the first month. This might be a market which has gone through a tough couple of months, though Xiaomi believes China will return to growth in 2019, and is keen to streamline the portfolio to maintain progress in the premium devices segment.

Over in the smaller business units the story was still a successful one. Revenue from the internet services segment grew 63.6% year-on-year to $580 million, primarily focused on the Chinese domestic market. The IoT and lifestyle products segment grew 104% year-on-year in revenue to roughly $1.5 billion, with  smart TVs growing over 350% year-on-year. The team also claim to have about 115 million connected Xiaomi IoT devices, excluding smartphones and laptops, representing 15% quarter-on-quarter growth. 1.7 million users own more than five Xiaomi IoT devices, offering the beginnings of a successful convergence model.

For some time there have been questions over whether Xiaomi can offer a genuine threat on the global stage, though these numbers do seem to offer credibility to the challenge.

Xiaomi taking big steps on the global stage

After taking the lead in the Indian market, Xiaomi has continued the solid progress by snapping up second spot Indonesia, another one of the world’s most lucrative markets.

According to estimates from Counterpoint Research, Xiaomi has collected second place in the market share rankings for second quarter shipments (22%), only trailing behind worldwide leader Samsung (25%). Indonesian smartphone shipments grew 25% annually and 5% sequentially during Q2 2018, partly due to seasonal demands, but also down to the consumer becoming more entwined within the digital economy.

“The overall tech ecosystem in Indonesia is more robust as compared to a year ago,” said Tarun Pathak of Counterpoint Research. “With smartphone users all set to cross the 100 million mark this year, it presents an opportunity for the players in the mobile ecosystem to tap the growing demand of digital consumption. Users have now started migrating from entry level smartphones to mid-tier smartphones which has increased the replacement rate over the past few quarters.”

Xiaomi might have had a bit of a wobble during the end of 2016 and the beginning of 2017, but that looks to be nothing but a distant footnote now. Aside from leading the Indian market for the last two quarters for shipments market share, progress in the Indonesian market provides an excellent foothold in a digital economy which will only go upwards. While other brands are scrapping to capture the minimal profits in the developed markets, the Xiaomi strategy seems to be focus on the areas where smartphone penetration is low. The massive profits might be years down the line, but patient brand-building is a proven strategy.

Offering users entry-level smartphones begins the relationship, and with a broad portfolio of mid-range devices, Xiaomi can take users on a journey to the much hyped digital society. With smartphone penetration increasing, data tariffs becoming cheaper and digital services becoming more prevalent, it won’t be too long before lives are dominated by the small screen. Creating the relationship with the consumer now will serve Xiaomi very well in the long-run.

The success of Xiaomi has been partly put down to the success of the Redmi series through both offline and online channels, allowing it to lead the sub-$150 device segment. This segment still accounts for more than 50% of the overall market, while the $100-$150 sub-segment was the fastest growing price band across the quarter. The price is starting to creep up, which will start to make Indonesia attractive to other brands who operate at the premium end.

Looking at the premium end of the market, Apple currently has less than 1% of the market, though owing to a globally renowned brand increasing this share once the consumer is ready to spend bigger won’t be much of a challenge; there don’t seem to be many markets Apple can’t dominate. Xiaomi is attempting to create a position for itself at the top-end of the scale with the launch of Poco, but it will have considerable work to do to make sure it can compete with the likes of Apple and Samsung at the branding game.

Building the foundations in the developing markets before scaling the customer up through the low- and into the mid-end device portfolio is a sensible way to do business. Xiaomi is making powerful steps on the global stage through gradual relationship building.

Xiaomi sets its eyes on premium market with Poco

Having stormed to the top of the Indian smartphone rankings, Xiaomi is now chasing down premium customers with the launch of Poco,

The device, which will hit the shelves on August 22, takes Xiaomi out of the low- to medium-end market, putting the brand in direct competition with the likes of Samsung and Apple. The product does look the part, but the question of whether Xiaomi has a strong enough brand to live in the premium world is iffy.

According to the leaks, the Poco F1 device will have a 6.1-inch FHD+ display, 6GB or 8GB RAM with 64 GB, 128 GB or 256 GB storage. It will have a dual-rear camera as well with 12MP+5MP combination, a 20MP front camera and a larger 4000 mAh battery. It will also feature the latest Qualcomm Snapdragon 845 processor, with marketing focusing on speed and performance.

While Xiaomi has been performing exceptionally well in the budget smartphone market, recent IDC figures suggest it is now leading in the highly lucrative Indian market, its success in the premium market is a completely different story. Devices such as Mi 5 and Mi Mix 2 have performed pretty poorly with Xiaomi struggling to exert any influence on a market dominated by Apple, Samsung and more recently, Huawei.

The tricky aspect here is the brand. Premium devices are better performing than lesser products, but the brand is what genuinely convinces consumers to part company with such vast number of reddies. Apple has the premium brand which is associated with high-value, as does Samsung. These are brands which are continually exploring how much they can charge customers before the pinch point is hit, such is the power of the brand. Xiaomi is currently associated with the low-end market, a perception which will have to change if it wants to see any success.

Playing with the big boys is much more than a high-performance device, it’s all about image. It will be expensive to create and maintain this image, and Xiaomi’s willingness to sign cheques in the advertising and sponsorship world might dictate success here.

Tencent is aiming to do a Spotify with its entertainment and music business

The China based internet company Tencent, listed on the HKSE, is planning to spin off its music and entertainment subsidiary and list it separately on an exchange in the US.

The chairman of Tencent, Ma Huateng, also known as Pony Ma, made the announcement on Sunday 8 July, one day before Xiaomi’s trading started on the HKSE. Despite the initial price was set at the bottom end of the estimated range, Xiaomi’s share price still closed the day 1.2 percent lower than its opening price, having recovered from a heavy loss of close to 6 percent earlier in the day.

In an interesting twist, Xiaomi’s CEO Lei Jun felt the share price was depressed by the on-going trade disputes between the US and China, when he spoke to the CNN. Meanwhile, the company’s President and Co-Founder Lin Bin told CNBC that the trade war is not a major concern “as Xiaomi had not done much business in the U.S.”

Although Xiaomi is a profitable business, its thin margin (capped at 5 percent by its owner on its hardware business, which accounted for roughly 90 percent of the whole business) made investors deem the price too high.

In comparison, the global leader in streaming music, Spotify, launched its IPO in April this year on NYSE. The price rose by 13 percent on its opening day, rising to $149.01 from the initial offering of $132, despite Spotify being a loss-making company. It was traded at $175.70 when the market closed on Friday 6 July.

We can only wait for Tencent to disclose the profit and loss of its Music and Entertainment group in the run-up to the IPO, but the group, which gets all its business from China, has reported healthy growths. Its paid subscriptions, mainly for video and music, grew by 24 percent to 147 million during the first quarter of 2018, and its total video revenues grew by 85 percent year on year.

The limited appetite on the Hong Kong market, especially when the channel to China-based investors, the instrument called CDR, is hard to come by, in contrast to the enthusiasm to invest in the future on the US market, may have helped tilt the decision by the Tencent board to go for the US stock market.